Structure of education and training

This translation is a brief summary of the text in Dutch. The full version is available in Dutch.

Naar school vanaf 2,5 jaar, leerplicht vanaf 5 jaar

In België ben je als ouder verplicht om je kind te laten leren van 5 jaar tot 18 jaar, op school of via thuisonderwijs. De meeste ouders kiezen er voor om hun kind vanaf 2,5 jaar naar de kleuterschool te laten gaan. Ze leren er spelend belangrijke vaardigheden voor later.

Vrije schoolkeuze

Als ouder ben je vrij om te kiezen naar welke school jij je kind stuurt. Een school in de buurt of verder weg? Uit het officieel of vrij onderwijs? Gebonden aan een godsdienst of levensbeschouwelijk neutraal? Jij kiest. Als je je kind inschrijft, moet je wel akkoord gaan met de werkwijze en het reglement van de school.

Officieel en vrij onderwijs

Het Nederlandstalig onderwijs in Brussel wordt georganiseerd door 3 schoolnetten:

  • officieel onderwijs
    • gemeenschapsonderwijs (GO): scholen van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap
    • gesubsidieerd officieel onderwijs (GOO): gemeentescholen en scholen van de Vlaamse Gemeenschapscommissie
  • vrij onderwijs
    • gesubsidieerd vrij onderwijs (GVO): georganiseerd door een privéorganisatie en erkend door de Vlaamse overheid, zoals de katholieke scholen.

Hoeveel kost naar school gaan?

  • Lagere scholen mogen geen kosten aanrekenen voor de inschrijving of materialen die noodzakelijk zijn voor de lessen. Ze mogen wel een bijdrage vragen voor niet-noodzakelijke materialen en activiteiten zoals sportactiviteiten of uitstappen. De scholen houden zich aan een maximumfactuur van 50 euro per jaar voor kleuters en 95 euro per jaar voor leerlingen in de lagere school.
  • Secundaire scholen mogen geen inschrijvingsgeld vragen, wel een bijdrage voor schoolboeken, activiteiten en diensten zoals de schoolbus.
  • Als je recht hebt op een schooltoeslag, jaarlijkse steun voor gezinnen met schoolgaande kinderen en met een laag inkomen, krijg je die automatisch via het Groeipakket.

2.5 - 12 years

Elementary education

Elementary education

There are over 130 Dutch-speaking nursery or primary schools in the elementary education system in Brussels.
Special elementary education

Special elementary education

Special elementary education is available for children in need of specific care. There are various types of special elementary education.
Schools for teens

Schools for teens

A school for teens brings together pupils in the third stage of primary school (5th and 6th grade) and the first stage of secondary school (1A and 2A).
Part-time art education

Part-time art education

Part-time art education is free-time education and is better known by the terms music school and art academy. It is available to children, young people and adults.
Bednet

Bednet

Bednet ensures that children and young people who are temporarily unable to go to school can join the class live via internet from their home. Bednet is free for the family and the school.
Reception class for children with a different mother tongue (OKAN)

Reception class for children with a different mother tongue (OKAN)

Reception class education for newcomers with a different mother tongue is set up for young people of non-Belgian or non-Dutch nationality who have recently arrived in the country and lack an adequate command of Dutch. The reception class enables these pupils to learn Dutch as quickly as possible.
Boarding school

Boarding school

Pupils in nursery, primary and secondary education can go to a boarding school. You pay the cost of your child’s accommodation.

12 - 18 years

Secondary education

Secondary education

Secondary education follows on from elementary education. Most children follow full-time secondary education. Full-time secondary education is divided into three stages and four forms of education.
Special secondary education

Special secondary education

Special secondary education is available for young people in need of specific care. There are various types and forms of special secondary education.
Schools for teens

Schools for teens

A school for teens brings together pupils in the third stage of primary school (5th and 6th grade) and the first stage of secondary school (1A and 2A).
Dual learning (Learning and working)

Dual learning (Learning and working)

Dual learning (Learning and working) is available for pupils from 15 years who wish to combine learning and working. This is possible in various schools, centres for learning and working or a Syntra workplace in Brussels.
Part-time art education

Part-time art education

Part-time art education is free-time education and is better known by the terms music school and art academy. It is available to children, young people and adults.
Examining Board for secondary education

Examining Board for secondary education

With the Examining Board for secondary education, you can obtain a certificate or diploma of secondary education at your own pace.
Bednet

Bednet

Bednet ensures that children and young people who are temporarily unable to go to school can join the class live via internet from their home. Bednet is free for the family and the school.
Reception class for newcomers with a different mother tongue (OKAN)

Reception class for newcomers with a different mother tongue (OKAN)

Reception class education for newcomers with a different mother tongue is set up for young people of non-Belgian or non-Dutch nationality who have recently arrived in the country and lack an adequate command of Dutch. The reception class enables these pupils to learn Dutch as quickly as possible.
Boarding school

Boarding school

Pupils in nursery, primary and secondary education can go to a boarding school. You pay the cost of your child’s accommodation.

18+ years

Higher education
Studenten in de les

Higher education

You can obtain a master's and bachelor’s degree at five Dutch-speaking higher education institutions in Brussels. Approximately 36,000 students follow classes at a Dutch-speaking university or college in Brussels.
Training for work

Training for work

Training for work helps you with your professional development. This education or training helps people from risk groups to find work more easily.
Adult education

Adult education

In adult education, you can obtain a recognised diploma or certificate by taking (evening) classes. An extensive and very varied range of adult education is available.
Part-time art education

Part-time art education

Part-time art education is free-time education and is better known by the terms music school and art academy. It is available to children, young people and adults.
Examining Board for secondary education

Examining Board for secondary education

With the Examining Board for secondary education, you can obtain a certificate or diploma of secondary education at your own pace.
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